The Whitehall Mystery and the Pinchin Street case may have been part of a series of murders called the " Thames Mysteries ", committed by a single serial killer dubbed the "Torso killer". She may have been another victim of the "Torso killer". John Gill, a seven-year-old boy, was found murdered in Manningham, Bradford , on 29 December His legs had been severed, his abdomen opened, his intestines drawn out, and his heart and one ear removed. The similarities with the murder of Mary Kelly led to press speculation that the Ripper had killed him. Carrie Brown nicknamed "Shakespeare", reportedly for quoting Shakespeare's sonnets was strangled with clothing and then mutilated with a knife on 24 April in New York City.
No organs were removed from the scene, though an ovary was found upon the bed, either purposely removed or unintentionally dislodged. The surviving police files on the Whitechapel murders allow a detailed view of investigative procedure in the Victorian era. Forensic material was collected and examined. Suspects were identified, traced, and either examined more closely or eliminated from the inquiry.
Modern police work follows the same pattern. A group of volunteer citizens in London's East End called the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee patrolled the streets looking for suspicious characters, partly because of dissatisfaction with the police effort. They petitioned the government to raise a reward for information about the killer, and hired private detectives to question witnesses independently. Butchers, slaughterers, surgeons, and physicians were suspected because of the manner of the mutilations. A surviving note from Major Henry Smith, Acting Commissioner of the City Police , indicates that the alibis of local butchers and slaughterers were investigated, with the result that they were eliminated from the inquiry.
Whitechapel was close to the London Docks ,  and usually such boats docked on Thursday or Friday and departed on Saturday or Sunday. At the end of October, Robert Anderson asked police surgeon Thomas Bond to give his opinion on the extent of the murderer's surgical skill and knowledge.click here
Jack the Ripper
All five murders no doubt were committed by the same hand. In the first four the throats appear to have been cut from left to right, in the last case owing to the extensive mutilation it is impossible to say in what direction the fatal cut was made, but arterial blood was found on the wall in splashes close to where the woman's head must have been lying.
All the circumstances surrounding the murders lead me to form the opinion that the women must have been lying down when murdered and in every case the throat was first cut. Bond was strongly opposed to the idea that the murderer possessed any kind of scientific or anatomical knowledge, or even "the technical knowledge of a butcher or horse slaughterer". There is no evidence of any sexual activity with any of the victims,   yet psychologists suppose that the penetration of the victims with a knife and "leaving them on display in sexually degrading positions with the wounds exposed" indicates that the perpetrator derived sexual pleasure from the attacks.
The concentration of the killings around weekends and public holidays and within a few streets of each other has indicated to many that the Ripper was in regular employment and lived locally. Everyone alive at the time is now dead, and modern authors are free to accuse anyone "without any need for any supporting historical evidence".
There are many and varied theories about the identity and profession of Jack the Ripper, but authorities are not agreed upon any of them, and the number of named suspects reaches over one hundred. Over the course of the Ripper murders, the police, newspapers, and others received hundreds of letters regarding the case. Hundreds of letters claimed to have been written by the killer himself,  and three of these in particular are prominent: the "Dear Boss" letter , the "Saucy Jacky" postcard and the "From Hell" letter.
The "Dear Boss" letter, dated 25 September , was postmarked 27 September The handwriting was similar to the "Dear Boss" letter. The handwriting and style is unlike that of the "Dear Boss" letter and "Saucy Jacky" postcard.
The writer claimed that he "fried and ate" the missing kidney half. There is disagreement over the kidney; some contend that it belonged to Eddowes, while others argue that it was a macabre practical joke. Scotland Yard published facsimiles of the "Dear Boss" letter and the postcard on 3 October , in the ultimately vain hope that someone would recognise the handwriting. Sims in the Sunday newspaper Referee implied scathingly that the letter was written by a journalist "to hurl the circulation of a newspaper sky high". Sims dated 23 September The Ripper murders mark an important watershed in the treatment of crime by journalists.
After the murder of Nichols in early September, the Manchester Guardian reported that: "Whatever information may be in the possession of the police they deem it necessary to keep secret It is believed their attention is particularly directed to After the publication of the "Dear Boss" letter, "Jack the Ripper" supplanted "Leather Apron" as the name adopted by the press and public to describe the killer.
Sensational press reports combined with the fact that no one was ever convicted of the murders have confused scholarly analysis and created a legend that casts a shadow over later serial killers. The nature of the murders and of the victims drew attention to the poor living conditions in the East End  and galvanised public opinion against the overcrowded, insanitary slums. In the immediate aftermath of the murders and later, "Jack the Ripper became the children's bogey man. In the s and s, he was depicted in film dressed in everyday clothes as a man with a hidden secret, preying on his unsuspecting victims; atmosphere and evil were suggested through lighting effects and shadowplay.
The Establishment as a whole became the villain, with the Ripper acting as a manifestation of upper-class exploitation.
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In addition to the contradictions and unreliability of contemporary accounts, attempts to identify the real killer are hampered by the lack of surviving forensic evidence. Jack the Ripper features in hundreds of works of fiction and works which straddle the boundaries between fact and fiction, including the Ripper letters and a hoax Diary of Jack the Ripper. More than non-fiction works deal exclusively with the Jack the Ripper murders, making it one of the most written-about true-crime subjects. There is no waxwork figure of Jack the Ripper at Madame Tussauds ' Chamber of Horrors , unlike murderers of lesser fame, in accordance with their policy of not modelling persons whose likeness is unknown.
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